The mode of propagation of relativistic, positively charged particles through a system of mutually oriented and periodically arranged ultrathin crystals whose thicknesses are equal to the half-period of the particle trajectory during planar channeling in a thick crystal is considered. In the case of an incidence angle that is less than the critical channeling angle, a certain fraction of particles is specularly reflected from the atomic planes of the crystal. Therefore, passing through a stack of crystals, a particle moves along quasiundulator trajectories. The characteristics of the radiation of a particle passing through such a “multicrystal microundulator” are found. The radiation spectrum is discrete, and the first-harmonic frequency and the number of harmonics in the spectrum are dependent on the distance between the crystals, the particle energy, and the potential of atomic planes of the crystal. Radiation is concentrated in a narrow cone in the direction of the average velocity of particles and is mainly polarized in a plane that is orthogonal to the atomic planes of the crystal. The microundulator can be composed of separate crystals with micron thicknesses and can be fabricated using modern methods of microlithography and micromechanics with deep, for example, plasmochemical etching of the crystal surface.
Journal of Surface Investigation. X-ray, Synchrotron and Neutron Techniques – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 24, 2017
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