Multi-user private comparison protocol using GHZ class states

Multi-user private comparison protocol using GHZ class states This paper proposes a pioneering quantum private comparison (QPC) protocol for n users. State-of-the-art QPC protocols have been designed for two users who wish to compare their private information. However, if n users want to perform the equality comparison, these two-user QPC protocols have to be executed repeatedly at least n − 1 times. The proposed protocol allows n users’ private information to be compared within one protocol execution. The proposed QPC protocol takes the Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) class as a quantum resource and uses a special property in the GHZ-class state to perform the equality comparison. Moreover, due to the one-step quantum transmission, the protocol is free from Trojan horse attacks and it is also shown to be secure against other well-known attacks. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quantum Information Processing Springer Journals

Multi-user private comparison protocol using GHZ class states

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Physics; Quantum Information Technology, Spintronics; Quantum Computing; Data Structures, Cryptology and Information Theory; Quantum Physics; Mathematical Physics
ISSN
1570-0755
eISSN
1573-1332
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11128-012-0454-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This paper proposes a pioneering quantum private comparison (QPC) protocol for n users. State-of-the-art QPC protocols have been designed for two users who wish to compare their private information. However, if n users want to perform the equality comparison, these two-user QPC protocols have to be executed repeatedly at least n − 1 times. The proposed protocol allows n users’ private information to be compared within one protocol execution. The proposed QPC protocol takes the Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger (GHZ) class as a quantum resource and uses a special property in the GHZ-class state to perform the equality comparison. Moreover, due to the one-step quantum transmission, the protocol is free from Trojan horse attacks and it is also shown to be secure against other well-known attacks.

Journal

Quantum Information ProcessingSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 26, 2012

References

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