Mucosal disease induced in cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus by antigenically different cytopathic virus

Mucosal disease induced in cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus by... Four cattle persistently infected with non-cytopathic (NCP) bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus were challenged with cytopathic (CP) BVD virus that was antigenically different from the persistent virus. Two of the animals were injected with dexamethasone (DM) and then challenged. They developed mucosal disease on days 21 and 33 post-challenge. CP-BVD viruses were isolated from their lymph nodes but not from the sera. The isolates were antigenically different from the persistent virus and the nucleotide sequence of a 787 base region in the E2 gene was markedly different. One of the isolates was indistinguishable from the challenge virus by virus neutralization tests and the nucleotide sequence showed high homology with that of the challenge CP-BVD virus. The other two cattle, challenged with the CP-BVD virus without DM treatment, developed mucosal disease at 30 and 264 days post-inoculation. CP-BVD virus was isolated from the sera as well as the lymph nodes of the cattle and was antigenically and genetically similar to the persistent virus and different from the challenge CP-BVD virus. The present results indicate that cattle persistently infected with NCP-BVD virus can develop mucosal disease induced by antigenically different CP-BVD viruses when their cellular immunity is suppressed, although they are not immunotolerant to the virus. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Mucosal disease induced in cattle persistently infected with bovine viral diarrhea virus by antigenically different cytopathic virus

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mucosal-disease-induced-in-cattle-persistently-infected-with-bovine-gqHVMMliMY
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050170131
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Four cattle persistently infected with non-cytopathic (NCP) bovine viral diarrhea (BVD) virus were challenged with cytopathic (CP) BVD virus that was antigenically different from the persistent virus. Two of the animals were injected with dexamethasone (DM) and then challenged. They developed mucosal disease on days 21 and 33 post-challenge. CP-BVD viruses were isolated from their lymph nodes but not from the sera. The isolates were antigenically different from the persistent virus and the nucleotide sequence of a 787 base region in the E2 gene was markedly different. One of the isolates was indistinguishable from the challenge virus by virus neutralization tests and the nucleotide sequence showed high homology with that of the challenge CP-BVD virus. The other two cattle, challenged with the CP-BVD virus without DM treatment, developed mucosal disease at 30 and 264 days post-inoculation. CP-BVD virus was isolated from the sera as well as the lymph nodes of the cattle and was antigenically and genetically similar to the persistent virus and different from the challenge CP-BVD virus. The present results indicate that cattle persistently infected with NCP-BVD virus can develop mucosal disease induced by antigenically different CP-BVD viruses when their cellular immunity is suppressed, although they are not immunotolerant to the virus.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2001

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off