Moving Beyond Gender Differences: Gender Role Comparisons of Manifest Dream Content1

Moving Beyond Gender Differences: Gender Role Comparisons of Manifest Dream Content1 Gender and gender role comparisons of manifestdream content were investigated by analyzing the dreamsof male and female college students, 16% of whom wereethnic minorities. Dreams were coded using the C. S. Hall and R. Van de Castle [(1966) TheContent Analysis of Dreams, New York: Appleton] codingsystem; participants also completed the Bem Sex-RoleInventory [(S. L. Bem, 1981) Bem Sex-Role Inventory Professional Manual, Palo Alto, CA: ConsultingPsychologists Press]. Gender × Gender Rolemultivariate analyses of covariance, with dream lengthas the covariate, indicated greater gender similaritythan in previous decades. Gender role differencesdid emerge for content previously viewed asdistinguishing men's dreams: a masculine gender role wasassociated with a higher frequency of weapons,unfamiliar characters, male characters, aggressiveinteractions, and failure outcomes. Findings areinterpreted in terms of changing patterns of gender rolesocialization, the convergence of male and female roles, and the continuity of conscious and unconsciouspreoccupations. Sex Roles Springer Journals

Moving Beyond Gender Differences: Gender Role Comparisons of Manifest Dream Content1

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 1998 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial