Moving Beyond Gender Differences: Gender Role Comparisons of Manifest Dream Content1

Moving Beyond Gender Differences: Gender Role Comparisons of Manifest Dream Content1 Gender and gender role comparisons of manifestdream content were investigated by analyzing the dreamsof male and female college students, 16% of whom wereethnic minorities. Dreams were coded using the C. S. Hall and R. Van de Castle [(1966) TheContent Analysis of Dreams, New York: Appleton] codingsystem; participants also completed the Bem Sex-RoleInventory [(S. L. Bem, 1981) Bem Sex-Role Inventory Professional Manual, Palo Alto, CA: ConsultingPsychologists Press]. Gender × Gender Rolemultivariate analyses of covariance, with dream lengthas the covariate, indicated greater gender similaritythan in previous decades. Gender role differencesdid emerge for content previously viewed asdistinguishing men's dreams: a masculine gender role wasassociated with a higher frequency of weapons,unfamiliar characters, male characters, aggressiveinteractions, and failure outcomes. Findings areinterpreted in terms of changing patterns of gender rolesocialization, the convergence of male and female roles, and the continuity of conscious and unconsciouspreoccupations. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Sex Roles Springer Journals

Moving Beyond Gender Differences: Gender Role Comparisons of Manifest Dream Content1

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Plenum Publishing Corporation
Subject
Psychology; Gender Studies; Sociology, general; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0360-0025
eISSN
1573-2762
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1018781032328
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Gender and gender role comparisons of manifestdream content were investigated by analyzing the dreamsof male and female college students, 16% of whom wereethnic minorities. Dreams were coded using the C. S. Hall and R. Van de Castle [(1966) TheContent Analysis of Dreams, New York: Appleton] codingsystem; participants also completed the Bem Sex-RoleInventory [(S. L. Bem, 1981) Bem Sex-Role Inventory Professional Manual, Palo Alto, CA: ConsultingPsychologists Press]. Gender × Gender Rolemultivariate analyses of covariance, with dream lengthas the covariate, indicated greater gender similaritythan in previous decades. Gender role differencesdid emerge for content previously viewed asdistinguishing men's dreams: a masculine gender role wasassociated with a higher frequency of weapons,unfamiliar characters, male characters, aggressiveinteractions, and failure outcomes. Findings areinterpreted in terms of changing patterns of gender rolesocialization, the convergence of male and female roles, and the continuity of conscious and unconsciouspreoccupations.

Journal

Sex RolesSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 6, 2004

References

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