Mouse hexokinase II gene: structure, cDNA, promoter analysis, and expression pattern

Mouse hexokinase II gene: structure, cDNA, promoter analysis, and expression pattern In mammalian tissues, the phosphorylation of intracellular glucose to glucose-6-phosphate (Glu-6-P) is facilitated by four distinct hexokinase (HK) isoenzymes, designated as HKI-IV. Because of the role of HKII as a leading glycolytic enzyme in insulin-sensitive tissues such as skeletal muscle, heart, and adipose tissue, defects in HKII function could contribute to the development of insulin resistance and perhaps Type 2 diabetes. As a first step towards elucidation of the physiological role of HKII in insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes using mouse knock-out models, we determined the genomic structure, sequence of the cDNA and of 4.8 kb of the 5′ regulatory region, and tissue-specific expression of the mouse HKII gene. The gene comprises 18 exons that span approximately 50 kb of DNA. Nucleotide sequence of the proximal promoter revealed a number of conserved putative transcription factor binding motifs. We also found numerous repeat elements throughout the mouse HKII gene. The mouse HKII cDNA is approximately 5.5 kb in length and contains an open reading frome of 2751 bp encoding a protein of 917 amino acids. The mouse HKII gene is predominantly expressed in skeletal muscle, heart, and adipose tissue. The transcription initiation and polyadenylation sites for the mouse HKII mRNA were similar to those of the rat and human genes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Mammalian Genome Springer Journals

Mouse hexokinase II gene: structure, cDNA, promoter analysis, and expression pattern

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mouse-hexokinase-ii-gene-structure-cdna-promoter-analysis-and-032do9aPyt
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2000 by Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Subject
Life Sciences; Cell Biology; Animal Genetics and Genomics; Human Genetics
ISSN
0938-8990
eISSN
1432-1777
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003350010019
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial