MOUNTING ELEMENTS OF MONOLITHIC LININGS
A. N. Drabik
Translated from Novye Ogneupory, No. 9, pp. 29 – 30, September, 2014.
Original article submitted April 7, 2014.
Cable anchorages produced by OOO Stal’ 45 for use in mounting monolithic linings of heating plants are de
scribed. The basic characteristics of the anchors and the sequence used in mounting the anchors are presented.
Keywords: mounting elements, anchors, monolithic lining
Monolithic linings in heating plants are widely used in
different branches of industry. Monolithic linings are fabri
cated using different methods, such as filling, guniting, shot
spraying, packing, injection, and other methods, depending
on the construction and the function of the heating plant. A
special case of monolithic lining (such linings are sometimes
called thin-walled linings) is schematically depicted in
Fig. 1. The lining consists of a thermal insulating layer fabri-
cated from a fibrous mineral material and a working concrete
A monolithic lining must remain reliably mounted to the
housing of a heating plant in the course of assembly and sub-
sequent service. Anchors or mounting parts are used for this
purpose. The anchors retain refractory material on the sur
face of different zones of the heating plants (walls, roofs,
etc.). There is a great variety of anchors for mounting lining.
The anchors may be made of steel of planar or round shape
or from ceramic, may be of different designs and employ dif
ferent methods of mounting to the lined surface, may be inte
gral or compound, and may possess auxiliary elements. The
mounting of a lining may also be a factor in the destruction
of the lining (separation of the anchor from the supporting
surface, destruction of the anchor itself, deterioration of the
concrete, etc.). It is precisely for this reason that special at
tention must be paid to anchors, beginning with the stage of
design of the lining and up through its assembly; it is neces
sary to correctly select the material of the anchor, calculate
its bearing capacity, take into account the structural features
of the lined surfaces, and assure reliable mounting of the an
chors to the lined surfaces.
The basic characteristic of an anchor used for lining is its
bearing capacity, which is determined in light of its service
conditions. The construction of most anchors includes what
Refractories and Industrial Ceramics Vol. 55, No. 5, January, 2015
1083-4877/15/05505-0442 © 2015 Springer Science+Business Media New York
From the proceedings of the International Conference of Refrac
tory Engineers (April3–4.2014, Moscow).
OOO Stal’ 45, Tula, Russia.
Fig. 2. Basic types of waves in the construction of anchors for a
standard lining (I) and a heavy lining (II).
Fig. 1. Monolithic lining: 1) furnace shell; 2) thermal insulation;
3) anchor; 4) refractory concrete.