Mortality in a cohort of Danish firefighters; 1970–2014

Mortality in a cohort of Danish firefighters; 1970–2014 Purpose Occupational exposure of firefighters involves a complex range of potential health threats from toxic chemicals, shift work, extreme heat, physical and emotional strain. The aim of this study is to examine overall and disease-specific mortality among Danish firefighters. Methods Through systematic collection of personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions, past and present male Danish firefighters were identified (n = 11,775). Using the unique Danish personal identification number, information on additional employment, vital status and cause of death was linked to each member of the cohort from the Supplementary Pension Fund Register, the Danish Civil Registration System and the Danish Register of Causes of Death. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for specific causes of death using rates for two reference groups, a random sample of the male working population (n = 262,168) and the military (n = 396,739), respectively. Results Overall mortality was significantly reduced among the firefighters compared to both the sample of the working population and the military (SMR 0.74, 95% CI 0.69–0.78 and SMR 0.88, 95% CI 0.83–0.93). Further, the SMRs for endo- crine diseases, mental disorders, non-traffic related accidents and other external causes were significantly lower against both reference groups. Death http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Environment; Environmental Health; Rehabilitation; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine
ISSN
0340-0131
eISSN
1432-1246
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00420-018-1323-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Occupational exposure of firefighters involves a complex range of potential health threats from toxic chemicals, shift work, extreme heat, physical and emotional strain. The aim of this study is to examine overall and disease-specific mortality among Danish firefighters. Methods Through systematic collection of personnel and membership records from employers and trade unions, past and present male Danish firefighters were identified (n = 11,775). Using the unique Danish personal identification number, information on additional employment, vital status and cause of death was linked to each member of the cohort from the Supplementary Pension Fund Register, the Danish Civil Registration System and the Danish Register of Causes of Death. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) were calculated for specific causes of death using rates for two reference groups, a random sample of the male working population (n = 262,168) and the military (n = 396,739), respectively. Results Overall mortality was significantly reduced among the firefighters compared to both the sample of the working population and the military (SMR 0.74, 95% CI 0.69–0.78 and SMR 0.88, 95% CI 0.83–0.93). Further, the SMRs for endo- crine diseases, mental disorders, non-traffic related accidents and other external causes were significantly lower against both reference groups. Death

Journal

International Archives of Occupational and Environmental HealthSpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References

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