We evaluated the morphological, distributional, and genetic characteristics of the freshwater sculpin, Cottus pollux, in Kyushu Island, Japan. Based on pectoral fin ray number, the sculpins inhabiting 30 rivers were divided into two types [modes 13 (M13) and 15 (M15)]. We evaluated four environmental parameters: length of main river (L-MR), average gradient of main river (G-MR), distance from sampling site to river mouth (D-SM), and gradient around sampling site (G-S), and compared the two types. L-MR, D-SM, and G-S were significantly larger for the rivers that contained M13 fish than for those contain - ing M15 fish. M13 individuals were distributed in the upstream areas of large river systems, suggesting a fluvial life history, whereas M15 individuals were distributed in the downstream areas of small river systems, indicating an amphidromous life history. We conducted phylogenetic analysis based on mitochondrial 12S rRNA [788 base pair (bp)] and control regions (386 bp). Mitochondrial DNA analysis showed that both M13 and M15 groups were genetically of C. pollux middle-egg type (ME). Our findings proposed the hypothesis that C. pollux ME in Kyushu Island exhibits dimorphism in both morphological and distributional traits. Additionally, haplotype distribution indicated that the fluvial M13 populations had higher genetic specificity in each river
Ichthyological Research – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera