Morphological Adaptations of the Mussel Crenomitilus grayanus (Bivalvia) to Attached Life

Morphological Adaptations of the Mussel Crenomitilus grayanus (Bivalvia) to Attached Life The morphology of the mussel Crenomytilus grayanus from different biotopes manifesting the adaptation of this mollusk to attached life on the bottom surface was studied. It was established that colonization of rocky coastal areas with active hydrodynamics by mussels is related to retardation of linear growth rates, the formation of convex shells, and vigorous development of retractor muscles of the foot and byssus. An environment protected from the effect of surfs on silted bottoms facilitated the fast growth of mussels, which resulted in the formation of an elegant flat shell. In that biotope mussels are specified by a rather poor development of the muscles responsible for its attachment to the substrate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Marine Biology Springer Journals

Morphological Adaptations of the Mussel Crenomitilus grayanus (Bivalvia) to Attached Life

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Freshwater & Marine Ecology
ISSN
1063-0740
eISSN
1608-3377
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1025480725601
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The morphology of the mussel Crenomytilus grayanus from different biotopes manifesting the adaptation of this mollusk to attached life on the bottom surface was studied. It was established that colonization of rocky coastal areas with active hydrodynamics by mussels is related to retardation of linear growth rates, the formation of convex shells, and vigorous development of retractor muscles of the foot and byssus. An environment protected from the effect of surfs on silted bottoms facilitated the fast growth of mussels, which resulted in the formation of an elegant flat shell. In that biotope mussels are specified by a rather poor development of the muscles responsible for its attachment to the substrate.

Journal

Russian Journal of Marine BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 12, 2004

References

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