This review deals with the recent studies expanding the idea of positional information in the early embryogenesis of Drosophila melanogaster. Previous studies showed that, in the course of segment determination in Drosophila, information created by gradients of products of maternal coordinate genes is not “read” statically, being interpreted by their zygotic target genes via regulatory interactions. This leads to spatial shifts in the expression of target genes relative to the original positions as well as to dynamic reduction in the zygotic expression variability. However, according to recent data, interpretation of positional information includes the interaction between not only zygotic target genes but also the maternal coordinate genes themselves. Different systems of maternal coordinate genes (maternal systems)—the posterior-anterior, terminal, and dorsoventral—can interact with each other. This is usually expressed in the regulation of zygotic target genes of one maternal system by other maternal systems. The concept of a “morphogenetic network” was introduced to define the interaction of maternal systems during determination of spatial gene expression in the early Drosophila embryo.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 23, 2016
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