Morpho-Functional Analysis Using Procrustes Superimposition by Static Reference

Morpho-Functional Analysis Using Procrustes Superimposition by Static Reference In conventional geometric morphometric analyses of limb long bones, differences in the evolutionary capacity of articular surfaces and non-articular structures often remain unrecognised. It can be shown that areas of high spatial variance dominate shape data, which is problematic for the functional interpretation of limb long bone shape. We herein introduce Procrustes superimposition by static reference (PSSR), a novel analysis strategy that aims to facilitate morpho-functional inference. This procedure exploits the spatial constraint of some reference structures (in our case, articular surfaces) for the superimposition of other subareas (e.g. muscle attachment sites) in relation to that static reference. PSSR allows for the transformation of raw scan data, enabling researchers to extract geometric models of two- and three-dimensional substructures that cannot effectively be integrated with landmarks. As we demonstrate by a simple model analysis for one muscle attachment site, this procedure can yield measures of direct functional relevance. Multivariate analysis of an extensive set of subareas indicates how this type of data relates to conventional shape coordinates. The shape evolution of xenarthran humeri, which has previously been subject to a detailed study (Milne et al., J Zool 278(1):48–56, 2009), serves as a test case. The concept of a variance-based separation of landmark subsets expands mathematical methods by incorporating knowledge about evolutionary constraints. PSSR could therefore find application far beyond the intuitive case study of long bone shape. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Evolutionary Biology Springer Journals

Morpho-Functional Analysis Using Procrustes Superimposition by Static Reference

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/morpho-functional-analysis-using-procrustes-superimposition-by-static-7tujImyDh7
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Life Sciences; Evolutionary Biology; Ecology; Developmental Biology; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
0071-3260
eISSN
1934-2845
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11692-018-9456-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In conventional geometric morphometric analyses of limb long bones, differences in the evolutionary capacity of articular surfaces and non-articular structures often remain unrecognised. It can be shown that areas of high spatial variance dominate shape data, which is problematic for the functional interpretation of limb long bone shape. We herein introduce Procrustes superimposition by static reference (PSSR), a novel analysis strategy that aims to facilitate morpho-functional inference. This procedure exploits the spatial constraint of some reference structures (in our case, articular surfaces) for the superimposition of other subareas (e.g. muscle attachment sites) in relation to that static reference. PSSR allows for the transformation of raw scan data, enabling researchers to extract geometric models of two- and three-dimensional substructures that cannot effectively be integrated with landmarks. As we demonstrate by a simple model analysis for one muscle attachment site, this procedure can yield measures of direct functional relevance. Multivariate analysis of an extensive set of subareas indicates how this type of data relates to conventional shape coordinates. The shape evolution of xenarthran humeri, which has previously been subject to a detailed study (Milne et al., J Zool 278(1):48–56, 2009), serves as a test case. The concept of a variance-based separation of landmark subsets expands mathematical methods by incorporating knowledge about evolutionary constraints. PSSR could therefore find application far beyond the intuitive case study of long bone shape.

Journal

Evolutionary BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off