More Than a Pore: The Interplay of Pore-Forming Proteins and Lipid Membranes

More Than a Pore: The Interplay of Pore-Forming Proteins and Lipid Membranes Pore-forming proteins (PFPs) punch holes in their target cell membrane to alter their permeability. Permeabilization of lipid membranes by PFPs has received special attention to study the basic molecular mechanisms of protein insertion into membranes and the development of biotechnological tools. PFPs act through a general multi-step mechanism that involves (i) membrane partitioning, (ii) insertion into the hydrophobic core of the bilayer, (iii) oligomerization, and (iv) pore formation. Interestingly, PFPs and membranes show a dynamic interplay. As PFPs are usually produced as soluble proteins, they require a large conformational change for membrane insertion. Moreover, membrane structure is modified upon PFPs insertion. In this context, the toroidal pore model has been proposed to describe a pore architecture in which not only protein molecules but also lipids are directly involved in the structure. Here, we discuss how PFPs and lipids cooperate and remodel each other to achieve pore formation, and explore new evidences of protein-lipid pore structures. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

More Than a Pore: The Interplay of Pore-Forming Proteins and Lipid Membranes

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Springer US
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
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