Landscape Ecol (2017) 32:2337–2349 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10980-017-0572-1 RESEARCH ARTICLE More is more? Forest management allocation at different spatial scales to mitigate conﬂicts between ecosystem services . . . Ta¨hti Pohjanmies Kyle Eyvindson Marı´a Trivin˜o Mikko Mo¨nkko¨nen Received: 17 March 2017 / Accepted: 15 September 2017 / Published online: 3 October 2017 Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2017 Abstract Results The trade-offs between timber production Context Multi-objective management can mitigate and carbon storage appeared less severe and could be conﬂicts among land-use objectives. However, the mitigated more effectively the larger the planning effectiveness of a multi-objective solution depends on regions were, but the improvements became minor the spatial scale at which land-use is optimized. This is beyond the scale of ‘large forest holding’. The results because the ecological variation within the planning thus indicate that this scale, approximately 100 stands region inﬂuences the potential for site-speciﬁc prior- or 200 ha, is large enough to effectively mitigate the itization according to the different objectives. conﬂict between timber production and carbon Objectives We optimized the allocation of forest storage. management strategies to maximize the joint produc- Conclusions Management planning over relatively tion of two conﬂicting objectives, timber production small forest areas (200 ha) can mitigate
Landscape Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2017
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