Objectives Myomas are defined as benign tumours that arise from smooth muscle cells of the uterus. Clinically, they are found in 5–77% of women of reproductive age. The prevalence rate varies considerably in the literature and a large number of fibroids do not cause symptoms. The lifetime risk of acquiring myomas is 70% for Caucasian women and ≥ 80% for African American women. Materials/methods The data of 265 patients undergoing surgery for symptomatic myomas by laparoscopy or laparotomy, performed in the gynaecological department of Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany, between 2009 and 2013, were retrospectively analysed in this retrospective design study. Results High pregnancy rates (up to 70%) and birth rates (up to 86%) after myomectomy, regardless of the surgical approach adopted, were found in the current study. The trend was that ≥ 3 myomas and those that were ≥ 6 cm in size were almost always removed by laparotomy in our clinic. It was possible to remove up to 42 myomas without having to perform a hysterec- tomy. A statistically significant negative correlation was observed in relation to the association between the size of the largest myoma extracted and the pregnancy rate (p = 0.02). A statistically significant correlation between the number of removed myomas and the
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 7, 2018
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