Monocytic anaplasmosis in a cow: a case report

Monocytic anaplasmosis in a cow: a case report A five year old Holstein-Friesian cross breed cow was brought to Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex with the history of anorexia, shivering and respiratory distress since a week. On close physical examination, enlarged prescapular lymph nodes and conjunctival mucous membranes with petechiae were noticed. Physiological parameters like rectal temperature, heart rate and respiratory rates were found to be 105.3 °F, 86 beats per minute and 48 per minute respectively. On hematological examination, hemoglobin and total erythrocyte count were found to be low i.e., 5.2 g/dl and 3.2 million cells/cmm respectively. Peripheral blood smear examination revealed the presence of Anaplasma bovis organisms in the monocytes. Based on these findings a diagnosis of bovine monocytic anaplasmosis was made and the case was treated with two doses of long acting Oxytetracycline @20 mg/kg body weight 48 h apart, I/M, and Meloxicam @0.5 mg/kg body weight, I/M for 5 days. Improvement was noticed after 3 days of treatment. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Parasitic Diseases Springer Journals

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Publisher
Springer India
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Indian Society for Parasitology
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Infectious Diseases; Health Promotion and Disease Prevention; Medicine/Public Health, general
ISSN
0971-7196
eISSN
0975-0703
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12639-016-0867-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A five year old Holstein-Friesian cross breed cow was brought to Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex with the history of anorexia, shivering and respiratory distress since a week. On close physical examination, enlarged prescapular lymph nodes and conjunctival mucous membranes with petechiae were noticed. Physiological parameters like rectal temperature, heart rate and respiratory rates were found to be 105.3 °F, 86 beats per minute and 48 per minute respectively. On hematological examination, hemoglobin and total erythrocyte count were found to be low i.e., 5.2 g/dl and 3.2 million cells/cmm respectively. Peripheral blood smear examination revealed the presence of Anaplasma bovis organisms in the monocytes. Based on these findings a diagnosis of bovine monocytic anaplasmosis was made and the case was treated with two doses of long acting Oxytetracycline @20 mg/kg body weight 48 h apart, I/M, and Meloxicam @0.5 mg/kg body weight, I/M for 5 days. Improvement was noticed after 3 days of treatment.

Journal

Journal of Parasitic DiseasesSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 9, 2016

References

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