Self-referencing ion - selective electrodes (ISEs), made with Chloride Ionophore I-Cocktail A (Fluka), were positioned 1–3 μm from human embryonic kidney cells (tsA201a) and used to record chloride flux during a sustained hyposmotic challenge. The ISE response was close to Nernstian when comparing potentials (V N) measured in 100 and 10 mM NaCl (ΔV N = 57 ± 2 mV), but was slightly greater than ideal when comparing 1 and 10 mm NaCl (ΔV N = 70 ± 3 mV). The response was also linear in the presence of 1 mm glutamate, gluconate, or acetate, 10 μm tamoxifen, or 0.1, 1, or 10 mm HEPES at pH 7.0. The ISE was ∼3 orders of magnitude more selective for Cl− over glutamate or gluconate but less than 2 orders of magnitude move selective for Cl− over bicarbonate, acetate, citrate or thiosulfate. As a result this ISE is best described as an anion sensor. The ISE was ‘poisoned’ by 50 μm 5−nitro-2-(3phenylpropyl-amino)-benzoic acid (NPPB), but not by tamoxifen. An outward anion efflux was recorded from cells challenged with hypotonic (250 ± 5 mOsm) solution. The increase in efflux peaked 7–8 min before decreasing, consistent with regulatory volume decreases observed in separate experiments using a similar osmotic protocol. This anion efflux was blocked by 10 μm tamoxifen. These results establish the feasibility of using the modulation of electrochemical, anion-selective, electrodes to monitor anions and, in this case, chloride movement during volume regulatory events. The approach provides a real-time measure of anion movement during regulated volume decrease at the single-cell level.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2005
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