Phylogenetic analyses of cytochrome c oxidasesubunit I (627bp) and mitochondrial controlregion (338bp aligned) sequences for all knownspecies of Allodontichthys wereperformed. Allodontichthys was recoveredas monophyletic, and A. hubbsi wassupported as the most primitive member of thegenus in all analyses. Combined-data analysessuggest that A. polylepis is sister to aclade comprising A. tamazulae and A. zonistius; however, a strict consensus of COIand control region cladograms results in acollapse of this node. The two species thatare broadly sympatric, A. hubbsi and A. tamazulae, are not sister taxa.Allodontichthys was found the sistergroup of a clade including Ilyodon andXenotaenia. These three genera are theonly goodeids to occupy high-gradient riversystems. Ilyodon and Allodontichthys share similar distributions;however, Allodontichthys exhibits greaterthan an order of magnitude more geneticvariation in COI than Ilyodon incomparisons of individuals from the samelocalities in the Ameca and Armeria drainagesystems. This is interpreted to mean Allodontichthys arrived in some westerndrainages significantly before Ilyodon.The Rio Coahuayana appears to be the center oforigin of the genus Allodontichthys. This river basin contains the most primitivemember of the genus, and appears to haveconnected with the Mesa Central, the center of endemism of the Goodeidae. A calibrated rateof molecular change in COI reveals Allodontichthys began diverging approximately6.2 million years ago (mya). Remainingspeciation in the group appears to haveoccurred about 2.7 to 3.3 mya. The hypothesisthat a “hard” polytomy comprising A. zonistius, A. polylepis, and A. tamazulae could be explained by speciation ofA. polylepis and A. tamazulae fromdifferent A. zonistius ancestors ispresented. Stream capture is evident but notfrequent in the history of Allodontichthys, and speciation does notclearly correlate with documented geologicactivity of the Mexican Transvolcanic Belt.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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