Molecular phylogeny of equine herpesvirus 1 isolates from onager, zebra and Thomson’s gazelle

Molecular phylogeny of equine herpesvirus 1 isolates from onager, zebra and Thomson’s gazelle Viruses related to equine herpesvirus type 1 (EHV-1) were isolated from an aborted fetus of an onager ( Equus hemionus ) in 1984, an aborted fetus of Grevy’s zebra ( Equus grevyi ) in 1984 and a Thomson’s gazelle ( Gazella thomsoni ) with nonsuppurative encephalitis in 1996, all in the USA. The mother of the onager fetus and the gazelle were kept near plains zebras ( Equus burchelli ). In phylogenetic trees based on the nucleotide sequences of the genes for glycoproteins B (gB), I (gI), and E (gE), and teguments including ORF8 (UL51), ORF15 (UL45), and ORF68 (US2), the onager, Grevy’s zebra and gazelle isolates formed a genetic group that was different from several horse EHV-1 isolates. Within this group, the onager and gazelle isolates were closely related, while the Grevy’s zebra isolate was distantly related to these two isolates. The epizootiological origin of the viruses is discussed. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Molecular phylogeny of equine herpesvirus 1 isolates from onager, zebra and Thomson’s gazelle

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Springer Vienna
Copyright © 2008 by Springer-Verlag
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
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