The proton-coupled uptake of di- and tri-peptides is the major route of dietary nitrogen absorption in the intestine and of reabsorption of filtered protein in the kidney. In addition, the transporters involved, PepT1 (SLC15a1) and PepT2 (SLC15a2), are responsible for the uptake and tissue distribution of a wide range of pharmaceutically important compounds, including β-lactam antibiotics, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, anti-cancer and anti-viral drugs. PepT1 and PepT2 are large proteins, with over 700 amino acids, and to date there are no reports of their crystal structures, nor of those of related proteins from lower organisms. Therefore there is virtually no information about the protein 3-D structure, although computer-based approaches have been used to both model the transmembrane domain (TM) layout and to produce a substrate binding template. These models will be discussed, and a new one proposed from homology modeling rabbit PepT1 to the recently crystallized bacterial transporters LacY and GlpT. Understanding the mechanism by which PepT1 and PepT2 bind and transport their substrates is of great interest to researchers, both in academia and in the pharmaceutical industries.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 6, 2007
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