The review summarizes modern views on to the structure and differentiation of the nuclear apparatus in ciliates. The genetic system of ciliates (type Ciliophora) includes two types of nuclei: germinal micronucleus (MIC) and somatic macronucleus (MAC). The MAC development is associated with the rearrangement of the MIC genome, which includes chromosome fragmentation and chromatin diminution. The loss of DNA constitutes from 10–15% (Tetrahymena termophila) to 95–98% of the genome in spirotrichs (Stylonychia, Oxytricha, and Euplotes). Analysis of molecular mechanisms underlying nuclear dualism in ciliates promoted radical revision of the concept on the interactions and roles of MAC and MIC. The micronucleus, as an inactive element, is an ideal field for the invasion and further expansion of mobile genetic elements. Chromatin diminution plays the purifying role, restoring the native genome structure. The process of recognition of “genetic garbage” to be eliminated has many features in common with the siRNA-mediated heterochromatization. The presence of this mechanism in very early radiated eukaryotic lineages (Opistokonta and Chromalveolata), indicates that it arose at the earliest stages of the eukaryotic evolution, probably, as a mechanism promoting genome integrity and stability.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 30, 2010
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera