More than 50 copies of HERV-E family elements have been estimated to exist in the human genome. Here we examined the recent evolutionary history of the HERV-E family by a PCR approach using genomic DNA from hominoid primates and a human monochromosomal panel. From the HERV-E family, 25 and 68 env fragments, were identified and analyzed from hominoid primates and human chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, X, and Y, respectively. They showed 76.7–99.6% sequence similarity to that of HERV-E (accession no. M10976). Phylogenetic analysis of HERV-E env family distinctively divided into two groups (groups I and II) that each contained three subgroups. Divergence times of the two groups were estimated as 10.7 MYr for group I and 41.3 MYr for group II using an average evolutionary rate of 0.3% per MYr. These data are consistent with that of PCR analysis, which showed a band of the HERV-E family in the genomes of the hominoids, Old World monkeys, and New World monkeys. Therefore, the HERV-E family may have integrated into the primate genome after prosimians and New World monkeys diverged. Then they proliferated extensively in the genome of humans and great apes during primate evolution.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2006
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera