Molecular evolution and genome divergence at RPB2 gene of the St and H genome in Elymus species

Molecular evolution and genome divergence at RPB2 gene of the St and H genome in Elymus species Molecular evolution of the second largest subunit of low copy nuclear RNA polymerase II (RPB2) in allotetrploid StH genomic species of Elymus is characterized here. Our study first reported a 39-bp MITE stowaway element insertion in the genic region of RPB2 gene for all tetraploid Elymus St genome and diploid Pseudoroegneria spicata and P. stipifolia St genome. The sequences on 3′-end are highly conserved, with AGTA in all sequences but H10339 (E. fibrosis), in which the AGTA was replaced with AGAA. All 12 Stowaway-containing sequences encompassed a 9 bp conserved TIRs (GAGGGAGTA). Interestingly, the 5′-end sequence of GGTA which was changed to AGTA or deleted resulted in Stowaway excision in the H genome of Elymus sepcies, in which Stowaway excision did not leave footprint. Another two large insertions in all St genome sequences are also transposable-like elements detected in the genic region of RPB2 gene. Our results indicated that these three transposable element indels have occurred prior to polyploidization, and shaped the homoeologous RPB2 loci in St and H genome of Eymus species. Nucleotide diversity analysis suggested that the RPB2 sequence may evolve faster in the polyploid species than in the diploids. Higher level of polymorphism and genome-specific amplicons generated by this gene indicated that RPB2 is an excellent tool for investigating the phylogeny and evolutionary dynamics of speciation, and the mode of polyploidy formation in Elymus species. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Molecular evolution and genome divergence at RPB2 gene of the St and H genome in Elymus species

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/molecular-evolution-and-genome-divergence-at-rpb2-gene-of-the-st-and-h-YqalX0FC34
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Pathology; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11103-007-9183-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Molecular evolution of the second largest subunit of low copy nuclear RNA polymerase II (RPB2) in allotetrploid StH genomic species of Elymus is characterized here. Our study first reported a 39-bp MITE stowaway element insertion in the genic region of RPB2 gene for all tetraploid Elymus St genome and diploid Pseudoroegneria spicata and P. stipifolia St genome. The sequences on 3′-end are highly conserved, with AGTA in all sequences but H10339 (E. fibrosis), in which the AGTA was replaced with AGAA. All 12 Stowaway-containing sequences encompassed a 9 bp conserved TIRs (GAGGGAGTA). Interestingly, the 5′-end sequence of GGTA which was changed to AGTA or deleted resulted in Stowaway excision in the H genome of Elymus sepcies, in which Stowaway excision did not leave footprint. Another two large insertions in all St genome sequences are also transposable-like elements detected in the genic region of RPB2 gene. Our results indicated that these three transposable element indels have occurred prior to polyploidization, and shaped the homoeologous RPB2 loci in St and H genome of Eymus species. Nucleotide diversity analysis suggested that the RPB2 sequence may evolve faster in the polyploid species than in the diploids. Higher level of polymorphism and genome-specific amplicons generated by this gene indicated that RPB2 is an excellent tool for investigating the phylogeny and evolutionary dynamics of speciation, and the mode of polyploidy formation in Elymus species.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 6, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Access to DeepDyve database
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off