There is paucity of data on the genetic landscape of HIV-1 viruses circulating in the Limpopo Province of northeastern South Africa. Here, we examine the genetic diversity of viruses from Bela-Bela and Musina, two towns with high HIV prevalence. Between June 2007 and March 2008, blood samples were collected from antiretroviral-drug-naïve individuals. Viruses were analyzed for genetic subtypes and drug resistance mutations. All of the viruses in these samples were shown by phylogenetic analysis based on gag p17, gag p24, reverse transcriptase, protease and envelope C2-C3 gene regions to belong to HIV-1 subtype C. Two of 44 reverse transcriptase sequences (4.5%) contained N rather than the consensus K at position 103. The K103N mutation is normally associated with resistance to NNRTIs. No major mutations were observed in the protease gene. However, several polymorphisms and amino acid changes normally considered to be minor drug resistance mutations were observed in the protease sequences. These results suggest that HIV-1 subtype C remains the predominant variant responsible for the epidemic in northeastern South Africa and that the prevalence of drug-resistant viruses among the naïve population is low.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2012
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera