The antigenic types of herpes simplex virus (HSV), HSV-1 and HSV-2 are considered to be the etiology of genital herpes. Symptoms of primary HSV-1 and HSV-2 genital infections are similar, however, recurrence of the infection is less frequent after the HSV-1-related genital infection. We determined genotypes of 79 HSV-1 strains isolated from genital lesions in women (43 from primary and 36 from recurrent infections), by analyzing restriction fragment length polymorphism of the HSV-1 strains. Each proportion of genotypes of F1, F12, and F41 in strains isolated from recurrent genital lesions was higher than the corresponding proportion in strains from primary genital lesions. Genotypes of HSV-1 strains isolated two or more times from recurrent genital lesions of each of three subjects were genotye F1, thereby supporting the hypothesis that the F1 genotype is closely associated with recurrence. While the possibility of a genotype preference at the site of infection was not ruled out, genotypes of more than half the number of HSV-1 strains from genital lesions were the same as those from non-genital (mainly oral-facial) lesions analyzed in our foregoing studies, thus indicating that most HSV-1 genotypes are apparently shared by genital and non-genital lesions.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2000
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