Molecular epidemiology of enterovirus 71 in peninsular Malaysia, 1997–2000

Molecular epidemiology of enterovirus 71 in peninsular Malaysia, 1997–2000 Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) (genus Enterovirus , family Picornaviridae ) has been responsible for sporadic cases and outbreaks of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), aseptic meningitis, encephalitis and poliomyelitis-like disease in Europe, the U.S.A., Australia and Asia. Recently, there has been an increase in EV71 activity in the Asia-Pacific region, with many outbreaks of HFMD associated with brainstem encephalitis manifesting as neurogenic pulmonary oedema with a high case fatality rate. In 1997, and again in 2000, EV71 outbreaks occurred in peninsular Malaysia. Variations in VP1 gene sequences have been shown to divide all known EV71 field isolates into three distinct genogroups (A, B and C). Consequently we examined the VP1 gene sequences of 43 EV71 strains isolated in peninsular Malaysia between 1997 and 2000 in order to determine the genogroup prevalence over the period. In this study we show that four subgenogroups (B3, B4, C1 and C2) of EV71 circulated in peninsular Malaysia between 1997 and 2000. Subgenogroups B3, B4 and C1 have been identified as the primary cause of the outbreaks of EV71 in peninsular Malaysia. Subgenogroup C1 also displayed endemic circulation from 1997 to 2000 and subgenogroup C2 was present at a low level during the 1997 outbreak. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Molecular epidemiology of enterovirus 71 in peninsular Malaysia, 1997–2000

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/molecular-epidemiology-of-enterovirus-71-in-peninsular-malaysia-1997-myX8URctzD
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Springer-Verlag/Wien
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-003-0100-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Human enterovirus 71 (EV71) (genus Enterovirus , family Picornaviridae ) has been responsible for sporadic cases and outbreaks of hand-foot-and-mouth disease (HFMD), aseptic meningitis, encephalitis and poliomyelitis-like disease in Europe, the U.S.A., Australia and Asia. Recently, there has been an increase in EV71 activity in the Asia-Pacific region, with many outbreaks of HFMD associated with brainstem encephalitis manifesting as neurogenic pulmonary oedema with a high case fatality rate. In 1997, and again in 2000, EV71 outbreaks occurred in peninsular Malaysia. Variations in VP1 gene sequences have been shown to divide all known EV71 field isolates into three distinct genogroups (A, B and C). Consequently we examined the VP1 gene sequences of 43 EV71 strains isolated in peninsular Malaysia between 1997 and 2000 in order to determine the genogroup prevalence over the period. In this study we show that four subgenogroups (B3, B4, C1 and C2) of EV71 circulated in peninsular Malaysia between 1997 and 2000. Subgenogroups B3, B4 and C1 have been identified as the primary cause of the outbreaks of EV71 in peninsular Malaysia. Subgenogroup C1 also displayed endemic circulation from 1997 to 2000 and subgenogroup C2 was present at a low level during the 1997 outbreak.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2003

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off