Molecular Dynamics Study of the Complex Formation of TEM-Type β-Lactamases with Substrates and Inhibitors

Molecular Dynamics Study of the Complex Formation of TEM-Type β-Lactamases with Substrates and... The complex formation of TEM-1 β-lactamase and its three mutant forms TEM-32, TEM-37, and TEM-39 with substrates cephalothin and CENTA and serine beta-lactamase inhibitors sulbactam, tazobactam, and clavulanic acid is studied using the methods of molecular dynamics. It is found that the stability of the complexes is caused by the electrostatic attraction between the deprotonated carboxyl group of the β-lactam ring of the substrate (inhibitor) and the positively charged amino groups of the lysine 234 and 73 residues, located in the active site of the enzymes. The formation of a hydrogen bond between this substrate group or its carbonyl oxygen with the hydroxyl group of the catalytic serine 70 residue and also between the negatively charged substituent groups and the positive charge region formed by the arginine 244 guanidine group and the asparagine 276 amino group is observed for some complexes. The binding energy of CENTA with TEM-1 β-lactamase is below the analogous binding energy of cephalothin, which is confirmed by the values of the Michaelis constants, determined experimentally. It is also found that the inhibitors bind to the mutant forms of β-lactamases related to the inhibitor-resistant phenotype, with higher affinity than TEM-1 β-lactamase. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Moscow University Chemistry Bulletin Springer Journals

Molecular Dynamics Study of the Complex Formation of TEM-Type β-Lactamases with Substrates and Inhibitors

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Publisher
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Allerton Press, Inc.
Subject
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general
ISSN
0027-1314
eISSN
1935-0260
D.O.I.
10.3103/S0027131418020165
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The complex formation of TEM-1 β-lactamase and its three mutant forms TEM-32, TEM-37, and TEM-39 with substrates cephalothin and CENTA and serine beta-lactamase inhibitors sulbactam, tazobactam, and clavulanic acid is studied using the methods of molecular dynamics. It is found that the stability of the complexes is caused by the electrostatic attraction between the deprotonated carboxyl group of the β-lactam ring of the substrate (inhibitor) and the positively charged amino groups of the lysine 234 and 73 residues, located in the active site of the enzymes. The formation of a hydrogen bond between this substrate group or its carbonyl oxygen with the hydroxyl group of the catalytic serine 70 residue and also between the negatively charged substituent groups and the positive charge region formed by the arginine 244 guanidine group and the asparagine 276 amino group is observed for some complexes. The binding energy of CENTA with TEM-1 β-lactamase is below the analogous binding energy of cephalothin, which is confirmed by the values of the Michaelis constants, determined experimentally. It is also found that the inhibitors bind to the mutant forms of β-lactamases related to the inhibitor-resistant phenotype, with higher affinity than TEM-1 β-lactamase.

Journal

Moscow University Chemistry BulletinSpringer Journals

Published: May 30, 2018

References

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