Molecular cloning, structure and expression of an elicitor-inducible chitinase gene from pine trees

Molecular cloning, structure and expression of an elicitor-inducible chitinase gene from pine trees We have cloned, sequenced, and examined the expression of genes from pine trees that appear to encode extracellular class II chitinase. Nucleotide sequence analysis indicates a coding sequence composed of three exons interrupted by two introns at locations identical to those found in other chitinase genes that possess introns. One of the genes, Pschi4, potentially encodes a protein that shares 62% amino acid sequence identity through the catalytic domain with class II chitinase from tobacco. In contrast, Pschi1 contains a stop codon in the first exon and may be a pseudogene. Pschi4 genes are conserved in several species of pine, and appear to comprise a small multigene family. Treatment of pine cell suspension cultures with the general elicitor chitosan induced Pschi4 expression. The regulatory sequences associated with the Pschi4 gene were sufficient to direct chitosan-inducible expression of Pschi4 in transgenic tobacco plants, which indicates that Pschi4 is an actively expressed member of the multigene family. The observation that the Pschi4 gene from pine (a gymnosperm) was appropriately regulated by chitosan in tobacco (an angiosperm) suggests that the signaling pathways that mediate chitosan-induced transcription are highly conserved in the plant kingdom. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Molecular cloning, structure and expression of an elicitor-inducible chitinase gene from pine trees

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005708611020
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have cloned, sequenced, and examined the expression of genes from pine trees that appear to encode extracellular class II chitinase. Nucleotide sequence analysis indicates a coding sequence composed of three exons interrupted by two introns at locations identical to those found in other chitinase genes that possess introns. One of the genes, Pschi4, potentially encodes a protein that shares 62% amino acid sequence identity through the catalytic domain with class II chitinase from tobacco. In contrast, Pschi1 contains a stop codon in the first exon and may be a pseudogene. Pschi4 genes are conserved in several species of pine, and appear to comprise a small multigene family. Treatment of pine cell suspension cultures with the general elicitor chitosan induced Pschi4 expression. The regulatory sequences associated with the Pschi4 gene were sufficient to direct chitosan-inducible expression of Pschi4 in transgenic tobacco plants, which indicates that Pschi4 is an actively expressed member of the multigene family. The observation that the Pschi4 gene from pine (a gymnosperm) was appropriately regulated by chitosan in tobacco (an angiosperm) suggests that the signaling pathways that mediate chitosan-induced transcription are highly conserved in the plant kingdom.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 14, 2004

References

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