In proteobacterial cytosol, ClpS protein is known as a molecular adaptor for substrate selectivity and proteolytic activity of the ATP-dependent chaperone-protease complex, ClpAP. ClpA-related ClpS is a small protein usually encoded immediately upstream of ClpA in the genome of proteobacteria. Recent bioinformatics analysis has revealed the presence of cyanobacterial-type ClpS or ClpC-related ClpS in organisms lacking ClpA, including all the plant species sequenced to date. Here we report the identification of an actinobacterial homologue of the ClpS (possibly Clp-related) gene from a plant system. A cDNA, spanning 566 bp with a complete coding region corresponding to 132 amino acids, was isolated from a Celosia cristata expression library constructed on a λ TriplEX2 vector. This cDNA product was considered to be an ATP-dependent Clp protease adaptor and was designated as Celosia actinobacterial-type ClpS, since it contains a highly conserved domain belonging to the ClpS family of proteins from actinobacteria. Celosia ClpS is about 80% identical to actinobacterial ClpS proteins in its overall deduced amino acid sequence. Based on this finding, we may define a novel target of ATP-dependent Clp complex in a plant system or speculate the presence of a second type of molecular chaperone besides ClpC in plants, as predicted for actinobacteria.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 12, 2008
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