Molecular cloning and expression in yeast of 2,3–oxidosqualene– triterpenoid cyclases from Arabidopsis thaliana

Molecular cloning and expression in yeast of 2,3–oxidosqualene– triterpenoid cyclases from... A vast array of triterpenes are found in living organisms in addition to lanosterol and cycloartenol, which are involved in sterol biosynthesis in non–photosynthetic and photosynthetic eukaryotes respectively. The chemical structure of these triterpenes is determined by a single step catalysed by 2,3–oxidosqualene–triterpene cyclases. The present study describes cloning and functional expression in yeast of several OS–triterpene cyclases. Three Arabidopsis thaliana cDNAs encoding proteins (ATLUP1, ATLUP2, ATPEN1) 57%, 58% and 49% identical to cycloartenol synthase from the same plant were isolated. Expression of these cDNAs in yeast showed that the recombinant proteins catalyse the synthesis of various pentacyclic triterpenes. Whereas ATLUP1 is essentially involved in the synthesis of lupeol, ATLUP2 catalyses the production of lupeol, β– and α–amyrin (in a 15:55:30 ratio). ATLUP2 is therefore a typical multifunctional enzyme. Under the same conditions, ATPEN1 did not lead to any product. Systematic sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome has led to genomic sequences encoding proteins identical to the above triterpene synthases. ATLUP1 and ATLUP2 are representative of a small subfamily (A) of at least five genes, whereas ATPEN1 is representative of a subfamily (B) of at least seven genes. The number of introns is characteristic of each subfamily. Whereas genes of family A possess 17 exons and 16 introns, genes of the subfamily B contain 14 exons and 13 introns. The size of each exon is remarkably conserved within each subfamily whereas that of each intron appears to be highly variable. Organization of the genes, sequences and functions of the deduced proteins are discussed in evolutionary terms. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Molecular cloning and expression in yeast of 2,3–oxidosqualene– triterpenoid cyclases from Arabidopsis thaliana

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2001 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial