Background Molecular markers of WHO grade II/III glioma are known to have important prognostic and predictive impli- cations and may be associated with unique imaging phenotypes. The purpose of this study is to determine whether three clinically relevant molecular markers identified in gliomas—IDH, 1p/19q, and MGMT status—show distinct quantitative MRI characteristics on FLAIR imaging. Methods Sixty-one patients with grade II/III gliomas who had molecular data and MRI available prior to radiation were included. Quantitative MRI features were extracted that measured tissue heterogeneity (homogeneity and pixel correlation) and FLAIR border distinctiveness (edge contrast; EC). T-tests were conducted to determine whether patients with differ - ent genotypes differ across the features. Logistic regression with LASSO regularization was used to determine the optimal combination of MRI and clinical features for predicting molecular subtypes. Results Patients with IDH wildtype tumors showed greater signal heterogeneity (p = 0.001) and lower EC (p = 0.008) within the FLAIR region compared to IDH mutant tumors. Among patients with IDH mutant tumors, 1p/19q co-deleted tumors had greater signal heterogeneity (p = 0.002) and lower EC (p = 0.005) compared to 1p/19q intact tumors. MGMT methylated tumors showed lower EC (p = 0.03) compared to the unmethylated group.
Journal of Neuro-Oncology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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