We isolated a full-length cDNA clone (StCDPK1) encoding a calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) by screening a stolon tip cDNA library from potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L.). The predicted amino acid sequence of the cDNA reveals a high degree of similarity with other members of the CDPK family except in the N-terminal region. As described for other CDPKs, StCDPK1 has a putative N-terminal myristoylation sequence. A coupled transcription/translation system was used to demonstrate that this post-translational modification occurs in vitro. The behaviour of the myristoylated form of StCDPK1 during its purification on a phenyl-Sepharose column mimics that of the endogenous potato enzyme suggesting that this modification occurs in vivo. In addition, a possible palmitoylation site is present in StCDPK1. Southern blot analysis suggests that more than one CDPK isoform is present in potato plants. Northern blot analysis of steady-state mRNA levels for StCDPK1 in different tissues of potato plants shows that the transcript is differentially expressed in tuberizing stolons. The transcript appears in the early steps of tuber formation before the induction of other genes, such as Pin2 and patatin. This result parallels previous data on CDPK activity in potato plants which was highest at the beginning of tuberization. Our results suggest that StCDPK1 is developmentally regulated. The early and transient expression of this CDPK isoform in the tuberization process suggests that this kinase could trigger a cascade of phosphorylation events involved in tuber induction.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 3, 2004
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