Molecular characterization of baculovirus Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus polyhedron mutants

Molecular characterization of baculovirus Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus polyhedron mutants Four newly isolated and two previously isolated polyhedron mutants of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) were studied. Two polyhedron deficient mutants, #126 and #136, produced small uncrystallized particles of polyhedrin in the nuclei and cytoplasm of infected cells. Mutant #211 produced a large number of variably sized polyhedra in the nucleus and #220 produced a few large cuboidal polyhedra in the nucleus. Mutant #24 and #128 were previously isolated BmNPV mutants. Mutant #24 could not produce polyhedrin mRNA and polyhedra produced by mutant #128 lacked oral infectivity. Nucleotide sequence analysis indicated that five mutants (#126, #136, #211, #220 and #128) had amino acid substitutions in polyhedrin and mutant #24 had a point mutation only in the promoter region of the polyhedrin gene. Cotransfection experiments showed that the altered phenotypes were due to the mutations found in the polyhedrin gene regions. In mutants #126 and #136, amino acid sequences of the nuclear localization signal of polyhedrin were identical to those of wild-type BmNPV, suggesting that this sequence was necessary but not sufficient for nuclear localization of polyhedrin. Electron microscopic observation revealed that fewer occluded virions were contained in polyhedra of #128 and #220. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Molecular characterization of baculovirus Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus polyhedron mutants

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