A cDNA clone encoding a monofunctional aspartate kinase (AK, ATP:L-aspartate 4-phosphotransferase, EC 18.104.22.168) has been isolated from an Arabidopsis thaliana cell suspension cDNA library using a homologous PCR fragment as hybridizing probe. Amplification of the PCR fragment was done using a degenerate primer designed from a conserved region between bacterial monofunctional AK sequences and a primer identical to a region of the A. thaliana bifunctional aspartate kinase-homoserine dehydrogenase (AK-HSDH). By comparing the deduced amino acid sequence of the fragment with the bacterial and yeast corresponding gene products, the highest identity score was found with the Escherichia coli AKIII enzyme that is feedback-inhibited by lysine (encoded by lysC). The absence of HSDH-encoding sequence at the COOH end of the peptide further implies that this new cDNA is a plant lysC homologue. The presence of two homologous genes in A. thaliana is supported by PCR product sequences, Southern blot analysis and by the independent cloning of the corresponding second cDNA (see Tang et al., Plant Molecular Biology 34, pp. 287–294 [this issue]). This work is the first report of cloning a plant putative lysine-sensitive monofunctional AK cDNA. The presence of at least two genes is discussed in relation to possible different physiological roles of their respective product.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 29, 2004
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