Rotavirus (RV), norovirus (NoV), sapovirus (SaV), human astrovirus (HAstV) and human adenovirus (HAdV) are significant because they are the most common pathogens that cause diarrhea in young children. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic characteristics and compare the roles of these five viruses in outpatient children with diarrhea in Shanghai. A total of 436 fecal samples were collected from pediatric patients with acute gastroenteritis from January 2010 to December 2011. The selected samples were subjected to reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) or PCR to detect and genotype RV, NoV, SaV, HAstV and HAdV. RV (43.3 %, 189/436) was the most prevalent virus, followed by NoV (28.9 %, 126/436), HAdV (7.1 %, 31/436). HAstV (1.8 %, 8/436) and SaV (0.5 %, 2/436). The percentage of multiple infection cases was 14.9 % (65/436), and RV + NoV was the predominant mixed infection. The RV genotype combinations of P(8)G3 (52/189, 27.5 %), P(8)G1 (51/189, 26.9 %) and P(8)G9 (48/189, 25.4 %) occurred most frequently. The predominant NoV genotype was GII.4 (73.0 %, 92/126), and the majority of GII.4 clustered as GII.4-2006b (65.2 %, 60/92). Two of the SaV cases were identified as GI.2 and GII.1. All HAstV-positive samples belonged to HAstV-1. The predominant HAdV type was HAdV-41 (45.2 %, 14/31). This study clearly shows the diversity of the viral causative agents of acute gastroenteritis in outpatient children in Shanghai, which will provide baseline information for future vaccination strategies and development in this area.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: May 1, 2015
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera