Three new begomovirus isolates and one betasatellite were obtained from a tomato plant exhibiting leaf curl symptom in Laguna, the Philippines. Typical begomovirus DNA components representing the three isolates (PH01, PH02 and PH03) were cloned, and their full-length sequences were determined to be 2754 to 2746 nucleotides. The genome organizations of these isolates were similar to those of other Old World monopartite begomoviruses. The sequence data indicated that PH01 and PH02 were variants of strain B of the species Tomato leaf curl Philippines virus , while PH03 was a variant of strain A of the species Tomato leaf curl Philippines virus . These isolates were designated ToLCPV-B(PH:Lag1:06), ToLCPV-B(PH:Lag2:06), and ToLCPV-A(PH:Lag3:06), respectively. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the present isolates form a separate monophyletic cluster with indigenous begomoviruses reported earlier in the Philippines. A betasatellite isolated from same sample belongs to the betasatellite species Tomato leaf curl Philippines betasatellite and designated Tomato leaf curl Philippines betasatellite-(Philippines:Laguna1:2006), ToLCPHB-(PH:Lag1:06). When co-inoculated with this betasatellite, tomato leaf curl Philippines virus induced severe symptoms in N. benthamiana and Solanum lycopersicum plants. Using a PVX-mediated transient assay, we found that the C4 and C2 proteins of tomato leaf curl Philippines virus and the βC1 protein of ToLCPHB-(PH:Lag1:06) function as a suppressor of RNA silencing.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2011
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