Three major curcuminoids (I, II and III) were purified from turmeric and tested for their ability to modulate the function of P-glycoprotein ATPase of the insecticide-resistant pest Helicoverpa armigera (Ha-Pgp). The curcumin mixture inhibited the activity of Ha-Pgp ATPase by 80–90% at 100 μM concentration. Along with curcuminoids I, II and III, it inhibited the verapamil- and ethylparaoxon-stimulated Ha-Pgp ATPase activity. Curcuminoid binding was quantitated by quenching the intrinsic Trp fluorescence of purified Ha-Pgp ATPase. Transport was monitored in proteoliposomes containing Ha-Pgp ATPase using the high-affinity fluorescent substrate tetramethylrosamine (TMR) in real time. Addition of the curcuminoid mixture collapsed the TMR concentration gradient generated by Ha-Pgp ATPase. Inhibition studies on Ha-Pgp ATPase activity are important to develop strategies to overcome insecticide resistance in this pest.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 4, 2010
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