Modulation of polyamine levels in ginseng hairy root cultures subjected to salt stress

Modulation of polyamine levels in ginseng hairy root cultures subjected to salt stress Modulation of differential gene expression and change of polyamine content by salt stress are analyzed for the first time in a well-known medicinal plant, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer. Three ginseng genes (PgSPD, PgSAMDC, and PgADC) involved in polyamine biosynthesis showed differential up-regulation patterns after 1 and 7 days of salt treatments. The modulation of gene expression resulted in the elevation of total polyamine content with relatively high levels of spermidine and spermine, while putrescine level diminished depending on the salt concentration. Conversely, salt stress led to a significant increase in diamine oxidase and subsequent decline in polyamine oxidase. The proline content caused by salinity follows a similar pattern as the total polyamine content and exogenous spermidine also resulted in the alleviation of proline content under salinity. Further, polyamine biosynthesis inhibitors, such as cyclohexylamine and methylglyoxal bis-(guanylhydrazone) mediated down-regulation of PgSPD and PgSAMDC, and affected cellular polyamine levels. Thus, polyamines may enhance the ginseng plant tolerance in response to the salt stress by increasing the levels of endogenous polyamines. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Modulation of polyamine levels in ginseng hairy root cultures subjected to salt stress

Loading next page...
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial