Iron(II) exacerbates the effects of oxidative stress via the Fenton reaction. A number of human diseases are associated with iron accumulation including ischemia-reperfusion injury, inflammation and certain neurodegenerative diseases. The functional properties and localization in plasma membrane of cells and endosomes suggest an important role for the divalent metal transporter DMT1 (also known as DCT1 and Nramp2) in iron transport and cellular iron homeostasis. Although iron metabolism is strictly controlled and the activity of DMT1 is central in controlling iron homeostasis, no regulatory mechanisms for DMT1 have been so far identified. Our studies show that the activity of DMT1 is modulated by compounds that affect its redox status. We also show that both iron and zinc are transported by DMT1 when expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes. Radiotracer uptake and electrophysiological measurements revealed that H2O2 and Hg2+ treatments result in substantial inhibition of DMT1. These findings may have a profound relevance from a physiological and pathophysiological standpoint.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 1, 2003
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