Modulation of Ca2+ Influx in Leech Retzius Neurons II. Effect of Extracellular Ca2+

Modulation of Ca2+ Influx in Leech Retzius Neurons II. Effect of Extracellular Ca2+ We investigated the cytosolic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) of leech Retzius neurons in situ while varying the extracellular Ca2+ concentration via the bathing solution ([Ca2+]B). Changing [Ca2+]B had only an effect on [Ca2+]i if the cells were depolarized by raising the extracellular K+ concentration. Surprisingly, raising [Ca2+]B from 2 to 10 mm caused a decrease in [Ca2+]i, and an increase was evoked by reducing [Ca2+]B to 0.1 mm. These changes were not due to shifts in membrane potential. At low [Ca2+]B moderate membrane depolarizations were sufficient to evoke a [Ca2+]i increase, while progressively larger depolarizations were necessary at higher [Ca2+]B. The changes in the relationship between [Ca2+]i and membrane potential upon varying [Ca2+]B could be reversed by changing extracellular pH. We conclude that [Ca2+]B affects [Ca2+]i by modulating Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels via the electrochemical Ca2+ gradient and the surface potential at the extracellular side of the plasma membrane. These two parameters are affected in a counteracting way: Raising the extracellular Ca2+ concentration enhances the electrochemical Ca2+ gradient and hence Ca2+ influx, but it attenuates Ca2+ channel activity by shifting the extracellular surface potential to the positive direction, and vice versa. The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Modulation of Ca2+ Influx in Leech Retzius Neurons II. Effect of Extracellular Ca2+

Loading next page...
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial