Modulation of berberine bridge enzyme levels in transgenic root cultures of California poppy alters the accumulation of benzophenanthridine alkaloids

Modulation of berberine bridge enzyme levels in transgenic root cultures of California poppy... California poppy (Eschscholzia californica Cham.) root cultures produce a variety of benzophenanthridine alkaloids, such as sanguinarine, chelirubine and macarpine, with potent biological activity. Sense and antisense constructs of genes encoding the berberine bridge enzyme (BBE) were introduced into California poppy root cultures. Transgenic roots expressing BBE from opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) displayed higher levels of BBE mRNA, protein and enzyme activity, and increased accumulation of benzophenanthridine alkaloids compared to control roots transformed with a β-glucuronidase gene. In contrast, roots transformed with an antisense-BBE construct from California poppy had lower levels of BBE mRNA and enzyme activity, and reduced benzophenanthridine alkaloid accumulation, relative to controls. Pathway intermediates were not detected in any transgenic root lines. Suppression of benzophenanthridine alkaloid biosynthesis using antisense-BBE also reduced the growth rate of the root cultures. Two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy showed no difference in the abundance of carbohydrate metabolites in the various transgenic roots lines. However, transformed roots with low levels of benzophenanthridine alkaloids contained larger cellular pools of certain amino acids compared to controls. In contrast, cellular pools of several amino acids were reduced in transgenic roots with elevated benzophenanthridine alkaloid levels relative to controls. The relative abundance of tyrosine, from which benzophenanthridine alkaloids are derived, was only marginally altered in all transgenic root lines; thus, altering metabolic flux through benzophenanthridine alkaloid pathways can affect cellular pools of specific amino acids. Consideration of such interactions is important for the design of metabolic engineering strategies that target benzophenanthridine alkaloid biosynthesis. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Modulation of berberine bridge enzyme levels in transgenic root cultures of California poppy alters the accumulation of benzophenanthridine alkaloids

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/modulation-of-berberine-bridge-enzyme-levels-in-transgenic-root-B0EkTL0rbn
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2003 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1021199311049
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

California poppy (Eschscholzia californica Cham.) root cultures produce a variety of benzophenanthridine alkaloids, such as sanguinarine, chelirubine and macarpine, with potent biological activity. Sense and antisense constructs of genes encoding the berberine bridge enzyme (BBE) were introduced into California poppy root cultures. Transgenic roots expressing BBE from opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L.) displayed higher levels of BBE mRNA, protein and enzyme activity, and increased accumulation of benzophenanthridine alkaloids compared to control roots transformed with a β-glucuronidase gene. In contrast, roots transformed with an antisense-BBE construct from California poppy had lower levels of BBE mRNA and enzyme activity, and reduced benzophenanthridine alkaloid accumulation, relative to controls. Pathway intermediates were not detected in any transgenic root lines. Suppression of benzophenanthridine alkaloid biosynthesis using antisense-BBE also reduced the growth rate of the root cultures. Two-dimensional 1H-NMR spectroscopy showed no difference in the abundance of carbohydrate metabolites in the various transgenic roots lines. However, transformed roots with low levels of benzophenanthridine alkaloids contained larger cellular pools of certain amino acids compared to controls. In contrast, cellular pools of several amino acids were reduced in transgenic roots with elevated benzophenanthridine alkaloid levels relative to controls. The relative abundance of tyrosine, from which benzophenanthridine alkaloids are derived, was only marginally altered in all transgenic root lines; thus, altering metabolic flux through benzophenanthridine alkaloid pathways can affect cellular pools of specific amino acids. Consideration of such interactions is important for the design of metabolic engineering strategies that target benzophenanthridine alkaloid biosynthesis.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 17, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed
Create lists to
organize your research
Export lists, citations
Read DeepDyve articles
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off