Modulation of apoptosis by human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoproteins

Modulation of apoptosis by human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoproteins The regulation of host-mediated apoptosis by the E6 and E7 oncoproteins has garnered attention because it is believed to be an important strategy employed by high-risk (HR)-human papillomaviruses (HPVs) to evade immune surveillance. Additionally, the revelation that E5 can protect cells from tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated apoptosis suggests that it may also play a role in undermining host defense mechanisms. Cellular transformation is an unintended consequence of persistent infection by HR-HPVs, and it is therefore likely that the primary function of E5, E6 and E7 is to regulate cell survival throughout the normal viral life cycle in order to ensure viral replication and promote the spread of progeny. The purpose of this article is to review the literature on the regulation of host-mediated apoptosis by E5, E6 and E7 that describes the mechanisms employed by HR-HPVs to persist in the host and create the conditions necessary for cellular transformation. Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Modulation of apoptosis by human papillomavirus (HPV) oncoproteins

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Copyright © 2006 by Springer-Verlag
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
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