Modified responses of root growth and reactive oxygen species-scavenging system to combined salt and heat stress in transgenic rice

Modified responses of root growth and reactive oxygen species-scavenging system to combined salt... Root growth and modifications of ROS-scavenging systems were investigated in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L., cv. Zhonghua no. 11) co-expressing glutathione-S-transferase (GST, EC. 2.5.1.18) and catalase 1 (CAT1, EC 1.11.1.6) and nontransgenic rice exposed to just salt or heat and their combination. The higher number of adventitious roots but the lower root to shoot ratio were observed in the stressed transgenics as compared with nontransgenics. Most antioxidant enzymes, such as CAT, GST, ascorbate peroxidase (APX, EC 1.11.1.11), glutathione reductase (GR, EC.1.6.4.2), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR, EC.1.8.5.1), and the redox state of glutathione and ascorbate, measured in the transformant roots, were significantly different from those in nontransformant roots following the three types of stress. The variations of root growth and antioxidant systems in the stressed transgenic rice may be attributed to not only the GST and CAT1 transgenes but also the coordination of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Modified responses of root growth and reactive oxygen species-scavenging system to combined salt and heat stress in transgenic rice

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Publisher
SP MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences ; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443710040096
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Root growth and modifications of ROS-scavenging systems were investigated in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa L., cv. Zhonghua no. 11) co-expressing glutathione-S-transferase (GST, EC. 2.5.1.18) and catalase 1 (CAT1, EC 1.11.1.6) and nontransgenic rice exposed to just salt or heat and their combination. The higher number of adventitious roots but the lower root to shoot ratio were observed in the stressed transgenics as compared with nontransgenics. Most antioxidant enzymes, such as CAT, GST, ascorbate peroxidase (APX, EC 1.11.1.11), glutathione reductase (GR, EC.1.6.4.2), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR, EC.1.8.5.1), and the redox state of glutathione and ascorbate, measured in the transformant roots, were significantly different from those in nontransformant roots following the three types of stress. The variations of root growth and antioxidant systems in the stressed transgenic rice may be attributed to not only the GST and CAT1 transgenes but also the coordination of the ascorbate-glutathione cycle.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jul 7, 2010

References

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