A study was conducted of the degree of DNA methylation in the nucleus, in particular, of the major satellite in two-cell mouse embryos developing in the maternal organism, in standard culture medium M16, used for cultivating mouse embryos; and M2 media used for manipulating embryos in air. Two-cell embryo nuclei at 44–46 h after injections of chorionic hormone were investigated. The results are evidence for the dependence of the major satellite’s methylation level on the developmental conditions of embryos. The methylation level of the nuclear DNA was shown to increase with a deterioration of environmental conditions. It was reported that in the case of cultivation in M2 media unsuitable for long cultivation, the DNAís methylation level, the major satellite in particular, was higher compared to other embryo groups. Accordingly, not only a significant number of genes but also sequences of satellite DNA are involved in epigenetic regulation.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 24, 2009
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