Modification of NK cell subset repartition and functions in granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized leukapheresis after expansion with IL-15

Modification of NK cell subset repartition and functions in granulocyte colony-stimulating... The ability of natural killer (NK) cells to kill tumor cells without antigen recognition makes them appealing as an adoptive immunotherapy. However, NK cells are not routinely used in the context of leukemic relapse after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Patients who experience relapse can be treated with donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) based on small-cell fractions frozen at the time of transplantation. Since peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) are increasingly used as a stem cell source and as a source of cells for DLI, we aimed to evaluate the impact of G-SCF mobilization on NK cell phenotype, subset repartition, and functionality. Immunomagnetically isolated NK cells from healthy donor blood, donor PBSCs, and patient PBSCs were expanded for 14 days with IL-15. The expansion capacity, phenotype, and functions (cytokine secretion and cytotoxicity) of NK cell subsets based on CD56 and CD16 expression were then evaluated. Mobilized sources showed a significant decrease of CD56brightCD16+ NK cells (28 versus 74%), whereas a significant increase (64 versus 15%) of CD56brightCD16− NK cells was observed in comparison with peripheral blood. Patient-mobilized NK cells showed a significantly decreased cytotoxicity, and antibody-dependent cell cytototoxicity (ADCC) was also observed to a lesser extent in NK cells from healthy donor PBSC. G-CSF-mobilized NK cell TNF-α and IFN-γ secretion was impaired at day 0 compared to healthy donors but was progressively restored after culture. In conclusion, expansion of NK cells from G-CSF-mobilized sources may progressively improve their functionality. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Immunologic Research Springer Journals

Modification of NK cell subset repartition and functions in granulocyte colony-stimulating factor-mobilized leukapheresis after expansion with IL-15

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/modification-of-nk-cell-subset-repartition-and-functions-in-UUamEa0Dqf
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Allergology; Immunology; Medicine/Public Health, general; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0257-277X
eISSN
1559-0755
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12026-017-8955-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The ability of natural killer (NK) cells to kill tumor cells without antigen recognition makes them appealing as an adoptive immunotherapy. However, NK cells are not routinely used in the context of leukemic relapse after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Patients who experience relapse can be treated with donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) based on small-cell fractions frozen at the time of transplantation. Since peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) are increasingly used as a stem cell source and as a source of cells for DLI, we aimed to evaluate the impact of G-SCF mobilization on NK cell phenotype, subset repartition, and functionality. Immunomagnetically isolated NK cells from healthy donor blood, donor PBSCs, and patient PBSCs were expanded for 14 days with IL-15. The expansion capacity, phenotype, and functions (cytokine secretion and cytotoxicity) of NK cell subsets based on CD56 and CD16 expression were then evaluated. Mobilized sources showed a significant decrease of CD56brightCD16+ NK cells (28 versus 74%), whereas a significant increase (64 versus 15%) of CD56brightCD16− NK cells was observed in comparison with peripheral blood. Patient-mobilized NK cells showed a significantly decreased cytotoxicity, and antibody-dependent cell cytototoxicity (ADCC) was also observed to a lesser extent in NK cells from healthy donor PBSC. G-CSF-mobilized NK cell TNF-α and IFN-γ secretion was impaired at day 0 compared to healthy donors but was progressively restored after culture. In conclusion, expansion of NK cells from G-CSF-mobilized sources may progressively improve their functionality.

Journal

Immunologic ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Oct 10, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off