The effect of pH and associated ionic strength on the primary yields in the radiolysis of pressurised water has been assessed by diffusion-kinetic calculations for temperatures in the range 100–300°C. Account has been taken for ionic strength I up to 0.1 mol kg−1, assuming that the counter ions of H+ in acid solutions and of OH− in base solutions have unit charge. In acid solutions, the H+ ions react with e− aq. The decrease in G(e− aq) and the increase in G(H) with decreasing pH becomes substantial for [H+] ≥ 1 × 10−4 m, but the primary yields of oxidising species are almost constant. In alkaline solutions, the OH− anions affect the spur chemistry of radiation-generated protons and hydroxyl radicals for [OH−] ≥ 1 × 10−4 m. The scavenging of H atoms and hydrogen peroxide becomes significant for [OH−] ≥ 1 × 10−2 m. The total yields G(OH) + G(O−) and G(H2O2) + G(HO2 −) are independent of base concentration below 0.01 m. In more alkaline solutions, G(OH) + G(O−) increases, whereas G(H2O2) + G(HO2 −) decreases with increasing [OH−]. Calculations showed the substantial yield of the reaction O− + e− aq in 0.1 m base solution. Spur chemistry in alkaline hydrogenated water is not affected by the presence of H2 if less than 0.001 m of hydrogen is added.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 9, 2009
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud