Modeling the Current-Voltage Characteristics of Charophyte Membranes. II. The Effect of Salinity on Membranes of Lamprothamnium papulosum

Modeling the Current-Voltage Characteristics of Charophyte Membranes. II. The Effect of Salinity... Lamprothamnium is a salt-tolerant charophyte that inhabits a broad range of saline environments. The electrical characteristics of Lamprothamnium cell membranes were modeled in environments of different salinity: full seawater (SW), 0.5 SW, 0.4 SW, and 0.2 SW. The cells were voltage-clamped to obtain the I/V (current-voltage) and G/V (conductance-voltage) profiles of the cell membranes. Cells growing at the different salinities exhibited one of three types of I/V profiles (states): pump-, background- and K+-states. This study concentrates on the pump- and background-states. Curved (pump-dominated) I/V characteristics were found in cells with resting membrane PDs (potential differences) of −219 ± 12 mV (in 0.2 SW: 6 cells, 16 profiles), −161 ± 12 mV (in 0.4 SW: 6 cells, 7 profiles), −151 ± 12 mV (in 0.5 SW: 6 cells, 12 profiles) and −137 ± 12 mV (in full SW: 8 cells, 13 profiles). The linear I/V characteristics of the background-state were found in cells with resting PDs of −107 ± 12 mV (in 0.4 SW: 7 cells, 12 profiles), −108 ± 12 mV (in 0.5 SW: 7 cells, 10 profiles) and −104 ± 12 mV (in full SW: 3 cells, 5 profiles). The resting conductance (G) of the cells progressively increased with salinity, from 0.5 S·m−2 (in 0.2 SW) to 22.0 S·m−2 (in full SW). The pump peak conductance only rose from 2 S·m−2 (0.2 SW) to 5 S·m−2 (full SW), accounting for the increasingly depolarized resting PD observed in cells in more saline media. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Modeling the Current-Voltage Characteristics of Charophyte Membranes. II. The Effect of Salinity on Membranes of Lamprothamnium papulosum

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/PL00020977
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lamprothamnium is a salt-tolerant charophyte that inhabits a broad range of saline environments. The electrical characteristics of Lamprothamnium cell membranes were modeled in environments of different salinity: full seawater (SW), 0.5 SW, 0.4 SW, and 0.2 SW. The cells were voltage-clamped to obtain the I/V (current-voltage) and G/V (conductance-voltage) profiles of the cell membranes. Cells growing at the different salinities exhibited one of three types of I/V profiles (states): pump-, background- and K+-states. This study concentrates on the pump- and background-states. Curved (pump-dominated) I/V characteristics were found in cells with resting membrane PDs (potential differences) of −219 ± 12 mV (in 0.2 SW: 6 cells, 16 profiles), −161 ± 12 mV (in 0.4 SW: 6 cells, 7 profiles), −151 ± 12 mV (in 0.5 SW: 6 cells, 12 profiles) and −137 ± 12 mV (in full SW: 8 cells, 13 profiles). The linear I/V characteristics of the background-state were found in cells with resting PDs of −107 ± 12 mV (in 0.4 SW: 7 cells, 12 profiles), −108 ± 12 mV (in 0.5 SW: 7 cells, 10 profiles) and −104 ± 12 mV (in full SW: 3 cells, 5 profiles). The resting conductance (G) of the cells progressively increased with salinity, from 0.5 S·m−2 (in 0.2 SW) to 22.0 S·m−2 (in full SW). The pump peak conductance only rose from 2 S·m−2 (0.2 SW) to 5 S·m−2 (full SW), accounting for the increasingly depolarized resting PD observed in cells in more saline media.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2001

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