Model Based Motion State Estimation and Trajectory Prediction of Spinning Ball for Ping-Pong Robots using Expectation-Maximization Algorithm

Model Based Motion State Estimation and Trajectory Prediction of Spinning Ball for Ping-Pong... Motion state “Motion state of a ping-pong ball consists of the flying state and spin state.” estimation and trajectory prediction of a spinning ball are two important but challenging issues for both the promotion of the next generation of robotic table tennis systems and the research on motion analysis of spinning-flying objects. Due to the Magnus force acting on the ball, the flying state “Flying state denotes the real-time translational velocity.” and spin state “Spin state denotes the real-time rotational velocity.” are coupled, which makes the accurate estimation of them a huge challenge. In this paper, we first derive the Extended Continuous Motion Model (ECMM) by clustering the trajectories into multiple categories with a K-means algorithm and fitting them respectively using Fourier series. The ECMM can easily adapt to all kinds of trajectories. Based on the ECMM, we propose a novel motion state estimation method using Expectation-Maximization (EM) algorithm, which in result contributes to an accurate trajectory prediction. In this method, the category in ECMM is treated as a latent variable, and the likelihood of motion state is formulated as a Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) of the differences between the trajectory predictions and observations. The effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method is verified by offline evaluation using a collected dataset, as well as online evaluation that the humanoid robotic table tennis system “Wu & Kong” successfully hits the high-speed spinning ball. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Intelligent & Robotic Systems Springer Journals

Model Based Motion State Estimation and Trajectory Prediction of Spinning Ball for Ping-Pong Robots using Expectation-Maximization Algorithm

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/model-based-motion-state-estimation-and-trajectory-prediction-of-3EjM3j5l3W
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Engineering; Control, Robotics, Mechatronics; Electrical Engineering; Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics); Mechanical Engineering
ISSN
0921-0296
eISSN
1573-0409
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10846-017-0515-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial