Mobile signals in day length-regulated flowering: Gibberellins, flowering locus T, and sucrose

Mobile signals in day length-regulated flowering: Gibberellins, flowering locus T, and sucrose Despite low activity for stem growth, the gibberellins GA5 and GA6 act as long-day (LD) florigens in Lolium temulentum L. This claim is based on extensive evidence covering GA synthesis in LD in the induced leaf and their transport to the shoot apex where they act in a dose-dependent manner. GAs also act as a LD florigen in association with cold vernalization of L. perenne. In contrast, highly bioactive GA4 and, possibly, GA1 are important florigens in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. This species contrast reflects differences in GA deactivation, which is unimportant for Arabidopsis but dominant in L. temulentum. It is unclear if GAs participate in flowering responses of short-day (SD) species since it is LD, which up-regulate enzymes for GA biosynthesis. Sugars (sucrose) may also act directly as a florigen and, specifically, with increase in photosynthesis as in LD or when light intensity is increased in SD. In addition, in LD sucrose can indirectly cause flowering by up-regulating FT expression, the FT protein acting as a further leaf-to-apex transported florigen. Thus, there are not only multiple florigens but there can be complex interactions between the signaling pathways controlling production of these various florigens. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Mobile signals in day length-regulated flowering: Gibberellins, flowering locus T, and sucrose

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/mobile-signals-in-day-length-regulated-flowering-gibberellins-SjWTqH0JX8
Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences; Plant Physiology
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1134/S1021443712040061
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Despite low activity for stem growth, the gibberellins GA5 and GA6 act as long-day (LD) florigens in Lolium temulentum L. This claim is based on extensive evidence covering GA synthesis in LD in the induced leaf and their transport to the shoot apex where they act in a dose-dependent manner. GAs also act as a LD florigen in association with cold vernalization of L. perenne. In contrast, highly bioactive GA4 and, possibly, GA1 are important florigens in Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. This species contrast reflects differences in GA deactivation, which is unimportant for Arabidopsis but dominant in L. temulentum. It is unclear if GAs participate in flowering responses of short-day (SD) species since it is LD, which up-regulate enzymes for GA biosynthesis. Sugars (sucrose) may also act directly as a florigen and, specifically, with increase in photosynthesis as in LD or when light intensity is increased in SD. In addition, in LD sucrose can indirectly cause flowering by up-regulating FT expression, the FT protein acting as a further leaf-to-apex transported florigen. Thus, there are not only multiple florigens but there can be complex interactions between the signaling pathways controlling production of these various florigens.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 15, 2012

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off