Mitochondrial biogenesis requires a coordinated expression of both the nuclear and the organellar genomes and specific intracellular protein trafficking, processing and assembly machinery. Most mitochondrial proteins are synthesised as precursor proteins containing an N-terminal extension which functions as a targeting signal, which is proteolytically cleaved off after import into mitochondria. We review our present knowledge on components and mechanisms involved in the mitochondrial protein import process in plants. This encompasses properties of targeting peptides, sorting of precursor proteins between mitochondria and chloroplasts, signal recognition, mechanism of translocation across the mitochondrial membranes and the role of cytosolic and organellar molecular chaperones in this process. The mitochondrial protein processing in plants is catalysed by the mitochondrial processing peptidase (MPP), which in contrast to other sources, is integrated into the bc1 complex of the respiratory chain. This is the most studied component of the plant import machinery characterised to date. What are the biochemical consequences of the integration of the MPP into an oligomeric protein complex and how are several hundred presequences of precursor proteins with no sequence similarities and no consensus for cleavage, specifically cleaved off by MPP? Finally we will address the emerging area of the control of protein import into mitochondria.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 6, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.
ok to continue