Mitochondrial DNA variations and nuclear RFLPs reflect different genetic similarities among 23 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes

Mitochondrial DNA variations and nuclear RFLPs reflect different genetic similarities among 23... The mitochondrial genome of 23 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes was analysed by Southern hybridization in total cellular DNA. Firstly, the extent of divergence between the mitochondrial genomes in closely related lines of one plant species and secondly, the use of mitochondrial versus nuclear RFLPs to determine evolutionary relationships between Arabidopsis ecotype isolates was investigated. Highly divergent stoichiometries of alternative mitochondrial genome arrangements characterize individual ecotypes including the complete loss of a 5 kb region from ecotype Landsberg without apparent effect on plant viability. The genetic similarities between ecotypes suggested by mitochondrial genome arrangements differ from those deduced from 18 nuclear RFLP loci (CAPS markers). Similarity of nuclear RFLP patterns among the 23 Arabidopsis ecotypes neitehr correlates with their geographic origin nor with the observed mitochondrial genome arrangements. A promiscuous mitochondrial sequence insertion previously identified in ecotype Columbia is also found in the nuclear genomes of ecotypes Eifel, Enkheim and Hilversum. Two ecotypes (Eifel and Tabor) displaying identical RFLP patterns at all 18 nuclear loci show differences in both this sequence transfer and a mitochondrial DNA recombination event. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Mitochondrial DNA variations and nuclear RFLPs reflect different genetic similarities among 23 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
ISSN
0167-4412
eISSN
1573-5028
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1005720910028
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The mitochondrial genome of 23 Arabidopsis thaliana ecotypes was analysed by Southern hybridization in total cellular DNA. Firstly, the extent of divergence between the mitochondrial genomes in closely related lines of one plant species and secondly, the use of mitochondrial versus nuclear RFLPs to determine evolutionary relationships between Arabidopsis ecotype isolates was investigated. Highly divergent stoichiometries of alternative mitochondrial genome arrangements characterize individual ecotypes including the complete loss of a 5 kb region from ecotype Landsberg without apparent effect on plant viability. The genetic similarities between ecotypes suggested by mitochondrial genome arrangements differ from those deduced from 18 nuclear RFLP loci (CAPS markers). Similarity of nuclear RFLP patterns among the 23 Arabidopsis ecotypes neitehr correlates with their geographic origin nor with the observed mitochondrial genome arrangements. A promiscuous mitochondrial sequence insertion previously identified in ecotype Columbia is also found in the nuclear genomes of ecotypes Eifel, Enkheim and Hilversum. Two ecotypes (Eifel and Tabor) displaying identical RFLP patterns at all 18 nuclear loci show differences in both this sequence transfer and a mitochondrial DNA recombination event.

Journal

Plant Molecular BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 29, 2004

References

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